Types of STDs

Because many STDs do not show any symptoms, you may not even know you are infected. Below are some of the most common STDs and the characteristics associated with each.

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Chlamydia is one of the most common STDs, with more than 90 million cases reported each year globally, and more than half of those cases occur in women. If left untreated, Chlamydia can lead to PID (pelvic inflammatory disease) and puts women at high risk for infertility and ectopic pregnancies. While Chlamydia is treatable with antibiotics, many women never experience any symptoms.

The main symptom of Gonorrhea is a thick discharge from the penis or vagina. However, approximately 50% of women will not experience any symptoms. Gonorrhea may also infect the rectum, throat, eyes, blood, skin, and joints. Most strains of gonorrhea can be cured but there is a new strain that is currently resistant to all antibiotics.

HPV, or Human Papillomavirus, is the most common STD. There are more than 100 strains of HPV, and most of those strains exhibit no symptoms. While some cases of HPV will disappear over time, some can cause cervical cancer or other types of cancer. HPV warts may be treated in a variety of ways, but cancer-causing HPV must be monitored and cannot be cured with antibiotics.

Trichomoniasis affects about 5 million people in the US every year. It is one of the most common causes of vaginal infections in women and can cause urethra infections in men as well. While trichomoniasis can be contracted sexually, it can also live on infected objects, which makes it even easier to contract.

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MyChoice provides testing and treatment for the two common sexually transmitted infections, gonorrhea and chlamydia.

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Nationally Representative CDC Study Finds 1 in 4 Teenage Girls Has a Sexually Transmitted Disease, 2008 National STD Prevention Conference, Press Release, March 11, 2008.

STD Facts – Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, Center for Disease Control and Prevention. May 2023. https://www.cdc.gov/std/pid/stdfact-pid.htm 

Time From First Intercourse to First Sexually Transmitted Infection Diagnosis Among Adolescent Women, Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 163, No. 12, December 2009, pp. 1106-1111

Our Voices, Our Lives, Our Futures: Youth and Sexually Transmitted Diseases, School of Journalism and Mass Communication (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill), February 2004, pp. 1-25.

Oral Sex Among Teens – STDs and Pregnancy, National Center for Health Statistics, MedPage Today, September 16, 2005, pp. 1-4

Genus B human papillomaviruses and incidence of basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas of skin: a population-based case-control study, The British Medical Journal, 2010.